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Natural Disasters

Last Update:2008/4/1

Earthquake (地震/Jishin)

Japan is highly susceptible to earthquakes. In order to minimize damage and injury. Be calm during the event of an earthquake. Please keep the following precautions in mind into consideration.

  1. Protect yourself.
  2. Turn of all sources of fire immediately.
  3. Do not rush outside (Be careful for the falling objects).
  4. Open the doors and windows to secure an exit.
  5. Take care of elderly people, children, and people who are ill, and communicate with your neighbors.
  6. Cooperate with other people in rescue activities.
  7. Turn off the gas and circuit breaker before evacuation.
  8. Keep away from walls.
  9. Listen to broadcast news for accurate information.
  10. When you take refuge, go on foot; do not use a car.

Flood (洪水/Kouzui)

Damage due to large amounts of rain can be reduced if one listens to weather reports and take actions accordingly.

What to do if heavy rain continues to fall:

  1. Listen to weather reports and or disaster reports through television, radio, internet or through the phone(177).
  2. For people that live in lower elevations or areas that have a chance of flooding raise you belongings such as furniture and electronic devices as high as possible.
  3. If possible keep cash, passports and other important items as close as possible.
  4. If you are going to the evacuation areas, wear a helmet or special naturual disaster hood, and running shoes. Do not go bare feet. Boots are not recommended as you may have difficulty moving around if they fill with water.
  5. Do not evacuate alone.
  6. Give floatation devices to children and senior citizens. Carry people who are sick or have difficulty walking.
  7. When evacuating, go by foot or bicycle. Do not drive your car. If the roads are submerged in water there is a danger of getting hurt by falling into unseen gutters, hence go on foot. Use a stick if possible to check for footing. Depending on the water level, bicycles may be more dangerous.

Survival Bags

When a natural disaster occurs, water, electricity, and gas supplies may be disconnected. It is important to stock emergency supplies such as drinking water, preserved food, fuel, flashlight and a portable radio receiver.

Prepare an emergency bag with necessary items in it, to be able to evacuate quickly in case of emergency. Don’t forget to prepare warm clothes and thermal items in cold season.

Emergency Bag Items

Basic Preparation

  • important property(money, bank passbook, stamp, passport,and insurance papers. 10yen coins are good for pay phones.)
  • water(3days worth. roughly 3L/day per person. Canned food etc.)
  • flashlight, radio (extra batteries)
  • matches, lighters, candles
  • first-aid kit (antiseptic lotion, bandana, absorbent cotton, bandages, etc.)
  • clothing (underwear, sweaters, jackets)
  • bousaizukin protective hood,helmet, gloves, towels
  • can opener, plastic bag, toilet paper, rain coat, knife
  • Tissue paper, tooth brush set, sanitary napkins
  • shoes
For Families with Babies

  • milk products, milk bottle, bottled water
  • diapers, baby backpack/sling, hat, clothing, jackets
  • bag
For Families with Senior Citizens or Physically Challenged People

  • medicine, nursing tools
  • diapers, piggy back sling


Refuge Notice Boards

There are designated places of refuge (emergency shelters) provided by local schools and community center near your house.

Warning Cars

In case of a disaster, white or silver Sanjo City cars will warn residents of a coming danger. Please listen to the loud speakers for details and instructions.

Contact us

International Affairs Section Regional Management Division Sanjo City Office
Address: 3-1 Asahicho2, Sanjo-shi, Niigata 955-8686
Tel: +81 (0256) 34-5511 (ext.403)
Fax:  +81 (0256) 36-5111

Sanjo City Office/955-8686 3-1 Asahicho2, Sanjo-shi, Niigata
Tel:+81 256-34-5511 (ext.314) Fax:+81 256-34-7933

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